Ira Katznelson is Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History. His recent Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time has been awarded the Bancroft Prize in History and the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award in Political Science. Other books include Liberal Beginnings: Making a Republic for the Moderns (co-authored with Andreas Kalyvas), When Affirmative Action Was White, and Desolation and Enlightenment: Political Knowledge after Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Holocaust. Professor Katznelson is a former president both of the American Political Science Association and the Social Science Research Council. He earned his BA at Columbia College and his PhD in History at the University of Cambridge, where he is research associate at the Centre for History and Economics.